The University of GöttingenThe Georg-August-Universität Göttingen was founded in 1734 through the generosity of the local ruler, Elector George Augustus of Hannover. It started with four Schools (referred to as "Fakultäten" in German) and with its 800 students soon became one of the largest universities in Europe.
Today, the university includes 13 Schools; about 30,000 students are enrolled. More than 2,500 professors, scientific researchers, and instructors presently teach and do research at the university, assisted by a technical and administrative staff, numbering approximately 8,000. The post-war expansion of the university led to the establishment of a new university campus area in the Northern part of town. Examples of traditional university architecture include the "Auditorium Maximum" (1826/1865) and the "Aula" (1835/1837).
The university has attained an international reputation through the accomplishment of many eminent professors who are commemorated by statues and memorial plaques throughout the city. 47 Nobel Prize Laureates have studied or taught in Göttingen and many other students have secured a place in history - for example Otto von Bismarck, who studied in Göttingen in 1833 and lived in the old tower on the city wall, now known as "Bismarck cottage".
Research - CollaborationClosely linked with the university are the Lower Saxony State and University Library (SUB) with its 3.5 million volumes and innumerable precious manuscripts, the Academy of Sciences, originally founded as the "Royal Society for Sciences", the German Primate Center, the European Neuroscience Institute, and the four research institutes of the Max Planck Society for the Promotion of Science.
Much of the cutting edge research undertaken in Göttingen is carried out in specially funded DFG Collaborative Research Centers (CRE, Sonderforschungsbereiche (SFB)). These projects bring scientists from a wide variety of institutes with complementary interests together. They participate in such common activities as retreats, special seminars, and lecture series and cooperate in purchasing and sharing major research equipment. Göttingen also hosts many international scientific meetings. A large number of the scientists in Göttingen come from all over the world, contributing to the international atmosphere of the city.